b i b l i o g r a p h y

?. "The Behavior of Real Ants." http://iridia.ulb.ac.be/~mdorigo/ACO/RealAnts.html

Adami, Christopher. 1998. Introduction to Artificial Life.New York: Springer-Verlag.

Brignull, Harry. 1998. "An attempt to replicate the main findings of Craig Reynold's (1987) 'Boids.'" http://www.harry-space.ndirect.co.uk/boids_pro/boidsproj.htm

Grandin, T. "Understanding Flight Zone and Point of Balance." http://grandin.com/behaviour/principles/flight.zone.html

Hayes, Brian. 1999. "E Pluribus Unum." http://www.amsci.org/amsci/issues/comsci99/compsci1999-01.html

Kils, Uwe. "Why do fish school?" http://www.fishschool.com/fishcol2.htm

Levy, Stephen. 1992. Artificial Life. New York: Random House.

Macgill, James and Stan Openshaw. "The use of Flocks to drive a Geographic Analysis Machine." http://www.ccg.leeds.ac.uk/james/geocomp/gc24_01.htm

Pitcher, Tony. "Migration Advantages of Shoaling." http://www.ecoscope.com/pitcher.htm

Reynolds, Craig. 1999. "Boids: background and update." http://www.red.com/cwr/boids.html

---. 1987. "Flocks, Herds, and Schools: A Distributed Behavioral Model." Computer Graphics, 21(4), pp. 25-34.

Rible, Jim. 1995 "Canada Goose." http://www.sou.edu/library/jim/wildlife/cangoose.htm

Toner, John and Yuhai Tu. "Birds of a Feather." http://www.aip.org/physnews/preview/1998/flocks/text.htm

home  boid rules  boid models  applications

last updated: May 5, 2000 (chris boone, sam hillier)